Shared Waters, Shared Responsibility: Europe

Governance of Europe's Waters The European Water Framework Directive is a successful – although imperfect – model for international management and the protection of water supplies and natural water environments. The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is one of the most [...]

Albania’s Vjosa River Controversy

Damming the Wild Rivers of Albania Plans to build a series of dams and hydropower plants on the Vjosa River in  Albania have unleashed a heated debate across Europe, as hydropower potential is weighed up against ecological considerations. The Vjosa River is Albania’s third-longest river, covering a distance of 270 kilometers between its [...]

Saudi Arabia’s Search for a More Sustainable Water Culture

Saudi Arabia’s Great Thirst Years of massive over-exploitation have severely depleted Saudi Arabia’s water resources. The government is now taking steps to curb consumption in all sectors but public awareness of the growing crisis remains low. Saudi Arabia is facing [...]

Building Climate Change Resilience

Building resilience can help vulnerable rural communities face the challenge of climate change. Changing weather patterns and growing pressure on natural resources are making it increasingly important to prioritize environmental sustainability and durability in the West Asia-North Africa region. The impact of [...]

Jordan’s Water Scarcity

Tackling Water Scarcity in Jordan Massive population growth, the expansion of agricultural activities and inefficient water use over the past 60 years have plunged Jordan into a deepening water crisis. As one of the most arid countries in [...]

Egypt’s Water Sustainability Part II: Alexandria’s Water History

Alexandria’s Water Supply Through History Alexandria has struggled to provide a regular and clean supply of fresh water to its citizens since medieval times. Founded in 331 BC by Alexander the Great, Alexandria lies on the Mediterranean coast, on [...]

Egypt’s Water Sustainability Part I: The Mahmoudiyah Canal

The Death of a Canal: Urban Water Supply in Egypt Toxic waste, sewage, and salinity are endangering the main drinking water supply in Egypt’s second city. Built in 1817 upon the order of the Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali Pasha, the 77-kilometer [...]

From Conflict to Context-Based Metrics

The stories of the Cauvery River and California’s Central Valley Few things convey conflict like an image of a truck on fire. This photo, taken in India from September 2016 does just that, serving to remind us that [...]

Morocco: Creating a Culture of Sustainability

Searching for Balance: Water Use in Morocco Growing water scarcity and more frequent drought in Morocco are driving innovative local projects such as fog harvesting in the coastal mountains. I was raised between the desert and the sea. To [...]