Water Scarcity and Security in the Mediterranean

Current patterns of water management and development in the southern Mediterranean region are often not sustainable. The region is facing severe water scarcity with freshwater availability per capita among the lowest in the world, representing a serious constraint for socio-economic development and a potential cause for water-related conflicts.

A Testimony of Water Challenges in Southeast Asia

Urban growth, temperature rise and melting glaciers threaten river deltas around the world. Southeast Asia – from India to China – in particular will be severely affected. Large numbers of people live in poverty, countries are densely-populated and coastlines are long. According to the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the chance that people in this region will be affected by water-related disasters is about 25 times greater than in Europe. How are people tackling water challenges in Asia?

Singapore’s water story

A streamflow towards self-sufficiency and sustainable development Water security is identified as one of the threats emanating from failing global efforts to stop climate change. As of 2015, two-thirds of the world’s population will be [...]

Shared Water, Contested Water: The Middle East

Sharing the Contested Waters of the Middle East In 1988, the Egyptian Foreign Minister Boutros Boutros-Ghali said that the next war in the Middle East would be fought over water. What is the situation nearly 30 years on, [...]

Shared Waters, Shared Responsibility: Europe

Governance of Europe's Waters The European Water Framework Directive is a successful – although imperfect – model for international management and the protection of water supplies and natural water environments. The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is one of the most [...]

Albania’s Vjosa River Controversy

Damming the Wild Rivers of Albania Plans to build a series of dams and hydropower plants on the Vjosa River in  Albania have unleashed a heated debate across Europe, as hydropower potential is weighed up against ecological considerations. The Vjosa River is Albania’s third-longest river, covering a distance of 270 kilometers between its [...]

Saudi Arabia’s Search for a More Sustainable Water Culture

Saudi Arabia’s Great Thirst Years of massive over-exploitation have severely depleted Saudi Arabia’s water resources. The government is now taking steps to curb consumption in all sectors but public awareness of the growing crisis remains low. Saudi Arabia is facing [...]

Building Climate Change Resilience

Building resilience can help vulnerable rural communities face the challenge of climate change. Changing weather patterns and growing pressure on natural resources are making it increasingly important to prioritize environmental sustainability and durability in the West Asia-North Africa region. The impact of [...]

Jordan’s Water Scarcity

Tackling Water Scarcity in Jordan Massive population growth, the expansion of agricultural activities and inefficient water use over the past 60 years have plunged Jordan into a deepening water crisis. As one of the most arid countries in [...]